North Carolina

Top Three Infrastructure Concerns:

  1. Roads
  2. Bridges
  3. Wastewater

Key Infrastructure Facts

  • 30% of North Carolina’s bridges are structurally deficient or functionally obsolete.
  • There are 1,153 high hazard dams in North Carolina. A high hazard dam is defined as a dam whose failure would cause a loss of life and significant property damage.
  • 215 of North Carolina’s 4,765 dams are in need of rehabilitation to meet applicable state dam safety standards.
  • 79% of high hazard dams in North Carolina have no emergency action plan (EAP). An EAP is a predetermined plan of action to be taken including roles, responsibilities and procedures for surveillance, notification and evacuation to reduce the potential for loss of life and property damage in an area affected by a failure or mis-operation of a dam.
  • North Carolina’s drinking water infrastructure needs an investment of $10.98 billion over the next 20 years.
  • North Carolina ranked 28th in the quantity of hazardous waste produced and 12th in the total number of hazardous waste producers.
  • North Carolina’s ports handled 14 million tons of waterborne traffic in 2005, ranking it 31st in the nation.
  • North Carolina reported an unmet need of $1.2 billion for its state public outdoor recreation facilities and parkland acquisition.
  • 27% of North Carolina’s major roads are in poor or mediocre condition.
  • 54% of North Carolina’s major urban highways are congested.
  • Vehicle travel on North Carolina’s highways increased 65% from 1990 to 2007.
  • North Carolina has $5.05 billion in wastewater infrastructure needs.



*Survey of the state’s ASCE members conducted in September 2008
Deficient Bridge Report, Federal Highway Administration, 2008.
National Inventory of Dams, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 2008.
Drinking Water Needs Survey and Assessment, Environmental Protection Agency, 2003.
National Biennial RCRA Hazardous Waste Report, Environmental Protection Agency, 2007.
The U.S. Waterway System – Transportation Facts, Navigation Data Center, U.S Army Corps of Engineers, February 2007.
2007 Annual Report, Land and Water Conservation Fund State Assistance Program, National Park Service.
TRIP Fact Sheet, March 2009.
Clean Water Needs Survey, Environmental Protection Agency, 2004.
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